How to Detect NMAP Scan Using Snort

Today we are going to discuss how to Detect NMAP scan using Snort but before moving ahead kindly read our previous both articles related to Snort Installation (Manually or using apt-respiratory)and its rule configuration to enable it as IDS for your network.

Basically in this article we are testing Snort against NMAP various scan which will help network security analyst to setup snort rule in such a way so that they become aware of any kind of NMAP scanning.

Requirement

Attacker: Kali Linux (NMAP Scan)

Target: Ubuntu (Snort as IDS)

Optional: Wireshark (we have added it in our tutorial so that we can clearly confirm all incoming and outgoing packet of network)

Let’s Begins!!

Identify NMAP Ping Scan

As we know any attacker will start attack by identifying host status by sending ICMP packet using ping scan. Therefore be smart and add a rule in snort which will analyst NMAP Ping scan when someone try to scan your network for identifying live host of network.

Execute given below command in ubuntu’s terminal to open snort local rule file in text editor.

sudo gedit /etc/snort/rules/local.rules

Now add given below line which will capture the incoming traffic coming on 192.168.1.105(ubuntu IP) network for ICMP protocol.

Turn on IDS mode of snort by executing given below command in terminal:

Now using attacking machine execute given below command to identify status of target machine i.e. host is UP or Down.

If you will execute above command without parameter “disable arp-ping” then will work as default ping sweep scan which will send arp packets in spite of sending ICMP on targets network and may be snort not able to capture NMAP Ping scan in that scenario, therefore we had use parameter “disable arp-ping” in above command.

As I had declaimed above why we are involving wireshark in this tutorial so that you can clearly see the packet sends form attacker network to targets network. Hence in given below image you can notice ICMP request packet as well as ICMP reply packets both are part of network traffic.

Come back to over your target machine where snort is capturing all in coming traffic here your will observe that it is generating alert for NMAP Ping Sweep scan.  Hence you can block attacker’s IP to protect your network from further scanning.

Identify NMAP TCP Scan

Now in order to connect with target network, attacker may go with networking enumeration either using TCP Protocol or UDP protocol. Let assume attacker may choose TCP scanning for network enumeration then in that situation we can apply following rule in snort local rule file.

Above rule is only applicable for port 22 so if you want to scan any other port then replace 22 from the port you want to scan else you can also use “any” to analysis all ports. Enable NIDS mode of snort as done above.

Now again using attacker machine execute the given below command for TCP scan on port 22.

From given below image you can observe wireshark has captured TCP packets from 192.168.1.104 to 192.168.1.105

Here you can confirm that our snort is absolutely working when attacker is scanning port 22 using nmap TCP scan and it is showing attacker’s IP from where traffic is coming on port 22. Hence you can block this IP to protect your network from further scanning.

Identify NMAP XMAS Scan

As we know that TCP communication follows three way handshake to established TCP connection with target machine but sometimes instead of using SYN, SYN/ACK,ACK flag attacker choose XMAS scan to connect with target by sending data packets through Fin, PSH & URG flags.

 Let assume attacker may choose XMAS scanning for network enumeration then in that situation we can apply following rule in snort local rule file.

Again above rule is only applicable for port 22  which will listen for incoming traffic when packets come from Fin, PSH & URG flags .So if you want to scan any other port then replace 22 from the port you want to scan else you can also use “any” to analysis all ports. Enable NIDS mode of snort as done above.

Now again using attacker machine execute the given below command for XMAS scan on port 22.

From given below image you can observe that wireshark is showing 2 packets from attacker machine to target machine has been send using FIN, PSH, URG flags.

Come back to over your target machine where snort is capturing all in coming traffic here your will observe that it is generating alert for NMAP XMAP scan.  Hence you can block attacker’s IP to protect your network from further scanning.

Identify NMAP FIN Scan

Instead of using SYN, SYN/ACK and ACK flag to established TCP connection with target machine may attacker choose FIN scan to connect with target by sending data packets through Fin flags only.

 Let assume attacker may choose FIN scanning for network enumeration then in that situation we can apply following rule in snort local rule file.

Again above rule is only applicable for port 22 which will listen for incoming traffic when packets come from Fin Flags. So if you want to scan any other port then replace 22 from the port you want to scan else you can also use “any” to analysis all ports. Enable NIDS mode of snort as done above.

Now again using attacker machine execute the given below command for FIN scan on port 22.

From given below image you can observe that wireshark is showing 2 packets from attacker machine to target machine has been send using FIN flags.

Come back to over your target machine where snort is capturing all in coming traffic here your will observe that it is generating alert for NMAP FIN scan. Hence you can block attacker’s IP to protect your network from further scanning.

Identify NMAP NULL Scan

Instead of using SYN, SYN/ACK and ACK flag to established TCP connection with target machine may attacker choose NULL scan to connect with target by sending data packets through NONE flags only.

 Let assume attacker may choose NULL scanning for network enumeration then in that situation we can apply following rule in snort local rule file.

Again above rule is only applicable for port 22 which will listen for incoming traffic when packets come from NONE Flags. So if you want to scan any other port then replace 22 from the port you want to scan else you can also use “any” to analysis all ports. Enable NIDS mode of snort as done above.

Now again using attacker machine execute the given below command for NULL scan on port 22.

From given below image you can observe that wireshark is showing 2 packets from attacker machine to target machine has been send using NONE flags.

Come back to over your target machine where snort is capturing all in coming traffic here your will observe that it is generating alert for NMAP Null scan. Hence you can block attacker’s IP to protect your network from further scanning.

Identify NMAP UDP Scan

In order to Identify open UDP port and running services attacker may chose NMAP UDP scan to establish connection with target machine for network enumeration then in that situation we can apply following rule in snort local rule file.

Again above rule is applicable for every UDP port which will listen for incoming traffic when packets is coming over any UDP port, so if you want to capture traffic for any particular UDP port then replace “any” from that specific port number as done above. Enable NIDS mode of snort as done above.

Now again using attacker machine execute the given below command for NULL scan on port 22.

From given below image you can observe that wireshark is showing 2 packets from attacker machine to target machine has been send over UDP Port.

Come back to over your target machine where snort is capturing all in coming traffic here your will observe that it is generating alert for NMAP UDP scan. Hence you can block attacker’s IP to protect your network from further scanning.

Author: AArti Singh is a Researcher and Technical Writer at Hacking Articles an Information Security Consultant Social Media Lover and Gadgets. Contact here

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