VNC Penetration Testing (Port 5901)

Welcome to Internal penetration testing on VNC server where you will learn VNC installation and configuration, enumeration and attack, system security and precaution.

Table of Content

  • Introduction to VNC
  • Lab Set-Up Requirement
  • VNC Installation
  • Connect Window PC to VNC server
  • TCP Port Scanning
  • VNC Banner Grabbing
  • Password Attack
  • Access VNC with Kali Linux
  • Exploit VNC using Msfvenom
  • VNC Post Exploitation
  • Shift Default Port to Another

Introduction to VNC

Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a graphical desktop sharing system that uses the Remote Frame Buffer protocol (RFB) to remotely control another computer. It transmits the keyboard and mouse events from one computer to another, relaying the graphical screen updates back in the other direction. It uses port 5900: VNC and 5901: VNC-1.

From Wikipedia

Penetration Lab Requirements

VNC Server: ubuntu

Attacker system: Kali Linux

Client system: window (tight VNC view)

Let’s start!!

VNC Installation

Open the terminal and follow the given below steps by executing given command for VNC installation. 

Given below command will installs the desktop, Unity, as well as several packages that are required for the graphical interface to work properly.

Now type following command for VNC server installation.

Given below command will reset your server password that is required for VNC login

The password should be minimum 6 digits; I have set server password: 098765 for VNC authentication.

Type given below command to run VNC

It is required to kill the process if you want to make some changes in running VNC server.

Now type following command in order to open VNC startup file for making some changes.

Add given below line in startup file as shown in given and save the changes.

Execute given below command to set resolution of Desktop screen.

After following above 7 steps check service status of VNC server using given below command.

From given image you can confirm that port 5901 is activated

Connect Window PC to VNC server

TightVNC is a free remote control software package that help client to connect with VNC server. I have downloaded it in client machine so that he can connect to vnc server.

Run TightVNC Viewer and enter [192.168.1.218:5901] server IP: port number as shown in given image and then click on connect.

Client will get VNC authentication Popup enter the server password which you have set above.

From given image you can observe that window client is connected to ubuntu server and we have accessed his Desktop you can control it using mouse and keyboard.

TCP Port Scanning 

Scanning plays an important role in penetration testing because through scanning attacker make sure which services and open ports are available for enumeration and attack.

Here we are using nmap for scanning port and protocols. 

If service is activated in targeted server then nmap shows open STATE for port 5901.

VNC Banner Grabbing

 Following nmap command will Queries a VNC server for its protocol version and supported security types.

From given below image you can conclude that it has shown protocol version 3.8 and security type: VNC authentication 2.

Password Attack

This module will test a VNC server on a range of machines and report successful logins. Currently it supports RFB protocol version 3.3, 3.7, 3.8 and 4.001 using the VNC challenge response authentication method.

Awesome!! From given below image you can observe the same password: 098765 found by metasploit.

Access VNC with Kali Linux

Open a new terminal and type following command for connecting with VNC server using above password 098765

Nice!! You can see after making successfully brute force attack, an attacker can easily connect with vnc server.

Exploit VNC using Msfvenom

Create a VNC payload using msfvenom and try to achieve VNC shell of victim’s PC.

Open the terminal in your Kali Linux and type following command to generate a VNC payload using msfvenom command.

 Now the above command will generate an exe file for the VNC payload in /var/www/html of Kali Linux.

Being an attack you need to send this backdoor to the target and start multi handler in the metasploit framework.

Now attacker tries to connect with target using VNC payload, from given screenshot you can see it has launched vncviewer and we have our session 1 is running at background.

Here you can see desktop screen of victim’s pc through will attacker is connected.

VNC Post Exploitation

Suppose you have already exploited any window system and got victim’s system reverse connection through meterpreter session. 

Type given below command which will inject a VNC Dll via a reflective loader (staged). Connect back to the attacker.

Great!! Again attacker is connected to victim’s system.

Shift Default Port to Another

Open vnserver setup file using given blow command:

Follow given below step for making changes

Add # to comment “vncport = 5900” 

Add a new line as shown in given image for forwarding VNC service as vncPort = 8800;

Now try to connect with vnc server through port 8800 as connected above through tightvnc viewer and enter the password.

Hence you can see the vnc connection has been established successfully.

Author: Sanjeet Kumar is a Information Security Analyst | Pentester | Researcher  Contact Here

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